Engineering/Civil Engineering -MCQS-Hydraulics Section 2 Sample Test,Sample questions

Question:
 
From a nozzle exposed to atmosphere, the liquid jet traverses

1.a straight line

2. a circular path

3.an elliptical path

4.a parabolic path.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
 
If jet of water coming out from a nozzle with a velocity 9.81 m/s, the angle of elevation being 30°, the time to reach the highest point is

1.0.25 s

2. 0.50 s

3.1.0 s

4.1.5 s.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
 
In flow, the liquid particles may possess

1.potential energy

2.kinetic energy

3. pressure energy

4.all the above.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
  
Flow in pipes is laminar if Reynold number is

1.less than 2100

2.more than 3000

3.between 2100 and 3000

4.none of these.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
  
For critical depth of flow of water in open channels, fc the specific energy must be :

1.minimum

2.maximum

3.average of maximum and minimum

4.None of these.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
  
In fluids, steady flow occurs when

1.conditions of flow change steadily with time

2.conditions of flow do not change with time at a point

3.conditions of flow remain the same at adjacent point

4.velocity vector remains constant at a point.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
  
In pipe lines, a surge tank is provided

1.to relieve the pressure due to water hammer

2. to provide additional water head

3. to overflow the pipe line when suddenly closed

4.to remove the frictional loss in pipe.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
A steady uniform flow is through

1.a long pipe at decreasing rate

2.a long pipe at constant rate

3. an expanding tube at constant rate

4.an expanding tube at increasing rate

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
Barometres are used to measure

1.pressure in water channels, pipes etc.

2.difference in pressure at two points

3.atmospheric pressure

4. very low pressure

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
Cavitation is caused by

1.Low pressure

2.High pressure

3.Low velocity

4.High velocity

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
Due to decrease of diameter of the droplet, inside pressure intensity

1.increases

2.decreases

3.remains unaffected

4.None of these.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
Euler's equation for the motion of liquids assumes that

1.fluid is viscous

2.fluid is homogeneous and incompressible

3.velocity of flow is non-uniform over the section

4.flow is unsteady along the stream line.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
For most economical rectangular section of a channel, the depth is kept

1.one-fourth of the width

2. three times the hydraulic radius

3. half the width

4.hydraulic mean depth

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
For the most economical trapezoidal open channel,

1.half of the top width must be equal to one of the sloping sides

2.the hydraulic mean depth must be equal to half the depth of flow

3.the semicircle drawn with top width as diameter must touch the three sides of the channel

4.All of these.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
Gauge pressure is

1.absolute pressure - atmospheric pressure

2.absolute pressure + atmospheric pressure

3.atmospheric pressure - absolute pressure

4.none of these.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
Hydraulic ram is a device

1. for lifting water without an electric motor

2.for accelerating water flow

3. for lifting heavy loads

4.none of these.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
If cohesion between the molecules of a fluid is more than adhesion between the fluid and glass, the free level of fluid in a dipped glass tube will be

1. higher than the surface of liquid

2.same as the surface of liquid

3. lower than the surface of liquid

4.none of these.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
If the forces are due to inertia and gravity, and frictional resistance plays only a minor role, the design of the channels is made by comparing

1.Reynold number

2.Froude number

3.Weber number

4.Mach number.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
In a centrifugual pump casing, the flow of water leaving the impeller, is

1.rectilinear flow

2. radial flow

3. free vortex motion

4. forced vertex.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
In order to avoid capillary correction, the minimum diameter of a manometer used for measuring pressure, should be

1.2 mm

2.4 mm

3.6 mm

4.10 mm

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
Liquids

1.cannot be compressed

2.do not occupy definite shape

3. are not affected by change in pressure and temperature

4.none of these.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
Kinematic viscosity of liquids by equation  is determined by :

1.Redwood viscometer

2. Engler viscometer

3.Saybolt universal viscometer

4.None of these.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
Mach number is the ratio of inertia force to

1.viscosity

2.surface tension

3.gravitational force

4.elasticity.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
Mercury is generally used in barometers because

1. its vaour pressure is practically zero

2.the height of the barometer will be less

3.it is a best liquid

4.both (a) and (b) above

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
Non-over flow double curvature concrete arch, is provided in

1.Bhakra dam

2. Hirakund dam

3. Nagarjuna Sagar dam

4.Idukki dam.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
The continuity equation

1.expresses the relationship between work and energy

2.relates the momentum per unit volume between two points on a stream line

3.relates mass rate of flow along a stream line

4.requires that Newton's second law of motion be satisfied at every point in fluid.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
The discharge through a 100 mm diameter external mouth piece fitted to the side of a large vessel is 0.05948 m3/s. The head over the mouth piece is

1.2 m

2.2.5 m

3. 3.0 m

4.4.0 m.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
The height of water level in a tank above the centre of a circular hole 2.5 cm in diameter is 50 m. The velocity of water flowing through the hole, is

1.31.1 m/sec

2.31.2 m/sec

3.31.3 m/sec

4.31.4 m/sec.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
The main assumption of Bernoulli's equation is :

1.The velocity of energy of liquid particle, across any cross-section of a pipe is uniform

2.No external force except the gravity acts on the liquid

3.There is no loss of energy of the liquid while flowing

4. All the above.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
The ratio of the inertia and gravitational force acting in any flow, ignoring other forces, is called

1.Euler number

2.Frode number

3.Reynold number

4.Weber number.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
The velocity distribution of viscous fluid through a circular/pipe is :

1.hyperbolic

2.circular

3.parabolic

4.elliptical.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
The velocity of the fluid particle at the centre of the pipe section, is

1.minimum

2.maximum

3.equal throughout

4.none of these.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
To avoid the force of surface tension in an inclined manometer, the minimum angle of inclination is

1.2°

2.3°

3.4°

4.5°

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
Total head of a liquid particle in motion is the sum of

1.potential head and kinetic head

2. kinetic head and pressure head

3.potential head and pressure head

4.potential head, kinetic head and pressure head.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


Question:
When water flows over a rectangular suppressed weir, the negative pressure created beneath the nappe

1.increases the discharge

2.decreases the discharge

3.does not effect the discharge

4.none of these.

Posted Date:-2021-05-21 03:20:01


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