UPSC,PCS,CDS,NDA /Lithosphere Multiple Choice Questions Set 2 Sample Test,Sample questions

Question:
 If the original day sediments are subjected to high temperature and pressure they successively change into rocks the correct order of which is ________





1.Slate Shale Schist

2.Shale Schist Slate

3.Slate Schist Shale

4.Shale Slate Schist

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
 In which country is Takla Makandesert situated?

1.Kazakhstan

2.Turkmenistan

3.Uzbekistan

4.China

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
 Nappe is a kind of



1.Fluvial feature

2.Folded structure

3.Erosional plain

4.Deltaregion

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
 The features produced by glacial deposition are:1. outwash plains2. drumlins3. eskers4. levees






1.1 2 3

2.1 3 4

3.2 3 4

4.1 2 3 4

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
 Which of the following features is the product of vulcanicity ?






1.Fold Mountain

2.Escarpment

3.Geosynclines

4.Caldera

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
 Which of the following is not an agent which produces physical features ?



1.Denudation

2.Deposition

3.Volcanic eruption

4.Conduction

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
 Which of the following is/are the correct characteristic(s) of primary seismic wave?






1.It is a longitudinal and compressional wave

2.It is analogous to sound waves

3.It travels with faster speed through solids but slowly through liquids

4.All the above three

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
A block of the earths crust that has remained in position while the ground around it has subsides is known as ________


1.Horst

2.Young folded mountain

3.Plateau

4.None

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Arrange the following soil particle by size in the descending order:I. GravelII. ClayIII. SiltIV. Sand






1.I II III IV

2.IV II III I

3.I IV III II

4.III IV I II

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Batholiths and Laccoliths are formations of ________






1.Sedimentary rocks

2.Igneous rocks

3.Metamorphic rocks

4.Polymetamorphosed rocks

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Bowl shaped depression created as a result of glacial erosion high on a mountain side is called ________






1.Glacial trough

2.Hum

3.Hanging Valley

4.Cirque

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Caldera is a feature associated with ________






1.Volcanoes

2.Earthquakes

3.Folding of rocks

4.Faulting of mountains

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Carbonaceous rocks which produce coal and of belong to the category of rocks called



1.Metamorphic

2.Igneous

3.Sedimentary

4.Inorganic

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Choose the correct statement about Sedimentary rocks ________

1.These rocks cannot be formed under water

2.These rocks are crystalline

3.The structure of these rocks is contingent on heat and pressure

4.These rocks have been deposited in layers

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Decaying vegetation produces organic acids which causes a breakdown of minerals. This is ________






1.Physical weathering

2.Chemical weathering

3.Both (a) and (b)

4.Chemical erosion

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Dogger Bank Rockfall Bank Wales Bank and Sand Bank are located in





1.North West Atlantic

2.North East Pacific

3.North East Atlantic

4.North West Pacific

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Dykes are especially constructed in ________

1.Norway

2.Holland

3.France

4.United Kingdom

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Formation of a rift valley is due to ________






1.The formation of fold mountains

2.The forces of tension in the earths crust

3.The subsidence of the floor of a river valley

4.The over-deepening of a valley by ice action

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Hanging Valley is very common in






1.High mountains

2.Sub-Arctic region

3.Glaciated areas

4.Coastal belt

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
How much part of Earth s surface is desert?






1.10th

2.5th

3.1/3rd

4.6th

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
In an artesian well in what order the rock-layer are generally found? (from bottom to surface)

1.Permeable non-permeable and permeable

2.Non-permeable and permeable

3.Permeable and non- permeable

4.Non-permeable permeable and non-permeable

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
In due course of time the meander loop cuts off from the river and forms a cutoff lake also called an ________ lake.



1.Ox-bow

2.Oasis

3.Lagoon

4.Tectonic

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
In which type of rocks are coal and petroleum found?

1.Granite

2.Igneous

3.Metamorphic

4.Sedimentary

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
In which type of rocks are metals like gold and copper mostly found?



1.Old Sedimentary

2.Old Igneous

3.Old Metamorphic

4.New Metamorphic

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
India broke away from Australia and Antarctica and started moving north in the period of ________






1.Permian

2.Triassic

3.Jurassic

4.Cretaceous

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Japan experiences frequent earth-quakes because it is located ________






1.On the eastern coast of Asia

2.On the meeting point of two plates of the earths crust

3.Amidst the ocean

4.In the volcanic belt

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Marble comes under which category of rocks?






1.Sedimentary

2.Igneous

3.Metamorphic

4.None of these

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Marble is a metamorphic rock of



1.Sandstone

2.Limestone

3.Granite

4.Clay

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Mount Gamkonora highest peak of Halmahera Island was burst in 2007. In which country is it located?

1.Japan

2.Indonesia

3.Russia

4.France

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Pits formed by the deflating action of wind are called



1.Playa

2.Yardang

3.Blowouts

4.Sand dune

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Sandstone is which type of rock?






1.Calcwaterous Rock

2.Igneous Rock

3.Metamorphic Rock

4.Sedimentary Rock

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Sedimentary rocks are formed by the process of ________



1.Metamorphism

2.Weathering

3.Deposition

4.Both (b) and �

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Shield volcanoes refer to ________

1.Explosive lava eruptions

2.Repeated lava flows

3.Ejection of a wide range of pyroclastic materials

4.Individual lava flows

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Soil erosion can be prevented by ________

1.Allowing herbivorous animals to graze freely

2.Growing plants on a large scale to form soil cover

3.Making the land sloppy

4.Adding chemicals to increase cohesion

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Synclines and anticlines are the terms associated with ________






1.Earthquakes

2.Folding

3.Faulting

4.Volcanoes

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Terra Rossa is a Latin word which means?

1.Warm Region

2.Red Landscape

3. Lateritic Region

4.Region Nearer to Poles

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
The area marked by internal drainage is

1.Plateau

2.Plains

3.Desert

4.Mountain

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
The breaking up of the rocks at its place is known as

1.Erosion

2.Weathering

3.Mass Destruction

4.Degradation

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
The denudational processes have not reduced the land masses to a level because ________



1.The sea level is changing

2.The earth movements have uplifted the landmass

3.There has not been enough time

4.These processes are intermittent in action

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
The Himalayas were formed due to ________






1.Internal pressure of two large land forms

2.Faulting of the earths crust

3.Folding of the earths crust

4.Folding of the geo-syncline named Tethys

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
The igneous rocks are formed due to ________






. 

1.Accumulation of sediments at the bottom of sea

2.Granitisation

3.Disintegration of magma

4.Altering of metamorphic rocks

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
The intensity of earthquakes is measured on ________






1.Beaufort scale

2.Richter scale

3.Secant scale

4.Mercalli scale

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
The lake created by Aswan Dam in Africa is

1.Chad

2.Victoria

3.Nasser

4.Tanganyika

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
The material carried by the glacier such as rocks big and small sand and silt gets deposited which are called glacial ________.

1.Moraines

2.Deltas

3.Plateaus

4.Grooves

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
The material that comes out of a volcano at the time of eruption is ________






1.Solid liquid gaseous

2.Solid and liquid

3.Solid and gaseous

4.Liquid and gaseous

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
The narrow strip of land joining two land masses is called as






1.Cape

2.Isthmus

3.Strait

4.Peninsula

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
The reason behind Earthquake is



1.Land cruises

2.Rotation of Earth

3.Tectonism

4.Denudation

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
The transverse longitudinal and surface waves in an earthquake originate from ________






1.The focus within the body of the earth

2.The focus on the surface of the earth

3.The epicentre on the surface of the earth

4.The epicentre within the body of the earth

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
What are the name of the seismic sea waves which reach to coast at a very high force?






1.Tides

2.Tsunami

3.Current

4.Cyclone

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
What is the difference between a geyser and a hot spring?

1.Water is ejected explosively in a geyser

2.Water from the geyser may be cold

3.Geysers are found on volcanic mountains

4.Geysers are more common in cold countries

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
What is the point below the epicentre of the Earthquake?

1.Wither

2.Incentre

3.Epicentre

4.Focus

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
When almost all the elevated portions are worn down by river erosion reducing an area to almost a plain region it is termed as





1.Fanplain

2.Panplain

3.Pediplain

4.Peneplain

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Which European country has over 200 volcanoes many of them still active?



1.Finland

2.Iceland

3.Ireland

4.Norway

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Which form of coal is mainly suitable for producing thermal power?
Anthracite


1.Anthracite

2.Bituminous

3.Lignite

4.Peat

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Which is the largest country (in area)?






 

1.Canada

2.China

3.USA

4.Russia

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Which is the proper order of seismic waves as they are received at seismograph station?

1.L-wave P-wave S-wave

2.P-wave L-wave S-wave

3.P-wave S-wave L-wave

4.S-wave P-wave L-wave

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Which metal is most abundant in the earths crust?






1.Calcium

2.Magnesium

3.Aluminium

4.Iron

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Which of the country is formed of various number of islands?






1.Papau New Guinea

2.Philippines

3.Japan

4.Indonesia

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Which of the following are correctly matched? 1. Gneiss : Metamorphic2. Granite : Igneous3. Sandstone : Sedimentary



1.1 only

2.1 and 2

3.2 and 3

4.1 2 and 3

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Which of the following are formed due to collision of continental plates? 1. The Alps2. The Himalayas3. The Rockies4. The Caucases mountains






1.1 2 and 3

2.2 3 and 4

3.1 2 and 4

4.1 3 and 4

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Which of the following are true with regard to fold mountains?I. They often act as climatic barriersII. They receive heavy rain or snow which give rise to riversIII. They are rich in mineralsIV. They pose no problem to communication as they contain many passes

1.III and IV

2.I II and III

3.I III and IV

4.None of these

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Which of the following are true with regard to igneous rocks?I. They are formed inside the earth under great pressureII. They do not occur in layerIII. They are mostly crystalline in natureIV. They contain fossils

1. I II and III

2.II III and IV

3.II and III

4.I and IV

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Which of the following are true with respect to sedimentary rocks?I. The rocks are deposited in layersII. The particles of rocks are at times wholly of organic natureIII. The rocks are not crystallineIV. Their structure is determined by great pressure or heat

1. I and III

2. Ii and Iii

3.I and IV

4.I and II

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Which of the following influence the erosion of soil by water? 1. Slope of the land2. Management practice like terracing3. Soil salinity






1.1 2 and 3

2.1 and 2

3.2 and 3

4.1 and 3

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Which of the following is an Example of Abyssal Igneous Rock?



1.Basalt

2.Granite

3.Slate

4.Dolomite

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Which of the following is known as the Roof of the World?



1.Everest

2.Pamir Mountains

3.Siberian Field

4.Hindu Kush Mountain

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Which of the following is meant by an archipelago?






1.Lake

2.Island

3.Mountain

4.Plateau

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Which of the following is not a result of underground water activity?

1.Stalactites

2.Stalagmites

3.Sink holes

4.Fiords

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Which of the following is the longest mountain range?






1.The Himalayas

2.The Rockies

3.The Andes

4.The Caucasus

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Which of the following is/are the examples of the sedimentary rocks? 1. Limestone2. Dolomite3. Breccia4. Coal



1.1 and 2

2.2 and 4

3.1 2 and 4

4.1 2 3 and 4

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Which of the following pairs is correctly matched? Islands Volcanoes

1.Sicily � Mount Pelee

2.Hawaii � Stromboli

3.Java � Merapi

4.West Indies � Mauna Loa

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Which of the following predominantly acts as the agent of chemical erosion of soil?

1.Glacier

2.Seawave

3.Underground water

4.Wind

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Which of the following rocks is transformed into marble?






1.Granite

2.Limestone

3.Peat

4.Shale

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Which of the following types of coal represents the first stage of formation of coal?






1.Anthracite

2.Lignite

3.Peat

4.Bituminous

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Which one among the following is the type of the Comoros Islands which lie in the Indian Ocean between Northern Madagascar and the African Coast?






1.Volcanic

2.Glacial eroded

3.Eolian deposited

4.Folded

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Which one of the following reflects back more sunlight as compared to other three?

1.Sand desert

2.Paddy crop land

3.Land covered with fresh snow

4.Prairie land

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Which type of lake is formed by volcanic activities?

1.Caldera lake

2.Karst lake

3.Lagoon

4.Freshwater lake

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Which type of lakes are created by the volcanic activities?






1.Lagoon

2.Sweet Water Lake

3.Volcanic Lakes

4.Karst Lake

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


Question:
Who gave the idea that originally there was only one continent called Pangea ?

1.Wegener

2.Victoria

3.Darwin

4.Ptolemy

Posted Date:-2021-12-27 10:20:52


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