Automation testing is mostly a black box testing as we just program the steps that a manual tester performs for application under test without knowing the low-level design or code of the application.
Sometimes, automated test scripts need access to the database details that are used in the application under test or some more coding details and thus can be a type of white-box testing.
Thus automated testing can be both black or white box type of testing depending on the scenarios in which automation is performed.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 12:16:57
Yes, We can perform automation testing even without using a framework. We can just understand the tool that we are using for automation and program the steps in the programming language that tools support.
If we automate test cases without a framework then there wonâ€™t be any consistency in the programming scripts for test cases.
A framework is required to give a set of guidelines that everyone has to follow to have maintained readability, reusability, and consistency in the test scripts. A framework also provides one common ground for reporting and logging functionality.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 12:15:52
Automation testing is useful for regression, smoke or sanity testing. All these types of testing in the traditional waterfall model happen at the end of the cycle and sometimes if there are not many enhancements to the application, we might not even have to do regression testing.
Whereas, in agile methodology, every iteration requires executing the regression test case as some new functionalities is added.
Also, the regression suite itself keeps growing after each sprint as the functional test cases of the current sprint module need to be added to the regression suite for the next sprint.
Thus, Automation testing in agile methodology is very useful and helps in achieving maximum test coverage in less time of the sprint.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 12:14:56
A framework, in general, is a set of guidelines. A set of guidelines, assumptions, concepts and coding practices for creating an execution environment in which the tests will be automated, is known as an Automation testing framework.
An automation testing framework is responsible for creating a test harness with a mechanism to connect with the application under test, take input from a file, execute the test cases and generate the reports for test execution. An automation testing framework should be independent of the application and it should be easy to use, modify or extend.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 12:13:45
Waterfall Model is a sequential model that divides software development into pre-defined phases. It is the initial approach that works on the concept of finishing each phase of testing before commencing the next phase. This process avoids overlapping between any phases as the output of the current phase will be the input of the next phase.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 12:12:59
Below is the list of best automation tools that are helpful for every software tester:
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 12:12:19
* Tests that are seldom executed.
* Exploratory testing
* Usability testing
* Test which is executed quickly when done manually.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 12:09:25
Some of the good coding practices include:
* Add appropriate comments.
* Identify the reusable methods and write it in a separate file.
* Follow the language-specific coding conventions.
* Maintain the test data in a separate file.
* Run your scripts regularly.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 12:08:13
Different types of frameworks includes:
* Keyword-driven framework
* Data-Driven framework
* Hybrid Framework
* Linear Scripting
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 12:07:18
URL, Login, and passwords are the kind of fields that are used very often and these change as per the environment and authorization. In case we hardcode it into our code, we have to change it in every file which has its reference.
In case if there are more than 100 files, then it becomes very difficult to change all the 100 files and this, in turn, can lead to errors. So this kind of information is maintained in a separate file so that updating becomes easy.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 12:06:03
This information should always be maintained in a separate file.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:59:26
Normally the structure should have â€“ (It would differ from project to project)
* A â€œsrcâ€ (source) folder having the actual test scripts.
* Aâ€libâ€ (library) folder having all the libraries and common methods.
* A â€œclassâ€ folder having all the class file (in-case using java).
* A â€œlogâ€ folder having the log file(s).
* A file/folder having all the web element Ids.
* A file containing the URL, environment and login information.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:57:44
Open source tool like Selenium, JMeter, etc.
Paid tools like QTP, Load Runner, Ranorex, RFT, and Rational Robot.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:56:43
Frameworks are guidelines and not mandatory rules, so we can do without a framework, but if we create it and follow it, enhancing and maintaining would be easy to implement.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:55:23
The characteristics include:
* Modular: The framework should be adaptable to change. Testers should be able to modify the scripts as per the environment or login information change.
* Reusable: The commonly used methods or utilities should be written in a common file that is accessible to all the scripts.
* Consistent: The suite should be written in a consistent format by following all the accepted coding practices.
* Independent: The scripts should be written in such a way that they are independent of each other. In case one test fails, it should not hold back the remaining test cases (unless it is a login page)
* Logger: It is good to have implemented the logging feature in the framework. This would help in case our scripts run for longer hours (say nightly mode), if the script fails at any point of time, having the log file will help us to detect the location along with the type of the error.
* Reporting: It is good to have the reporting feature automatically embedded into the framework. Once the scripting is done, we can have the results and reports sent via email.
* Integration: Automation Framework should be such that it is easy to integrate with other applications like continuous integration or triggering the automated script as soon as the build is deployed.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:54:48
Ranorex agile testing helps in getting immediate feedback on executed tests. The Ranorex generates executable files that can be triggered from anywhere.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:53:15
Ranorex remote testing helps in running the tests simultaneously in different test environments. We can deploy the tests to Ranorex Agents for remote test execution.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:52:46
Once we finalize the tool, our next step would be to design the framework.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:52:18
Concluding which tool is best suitable for the project requires a lot of brainstorming and discussions.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:51:50
RanoreXPath helps in finding and uniquely identifying every single UI element of desktop, web, and mobile applications.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:51:21
We can export the scripts or test cases from Selenium IDE and then add it as an existing item in Ranorex.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:50:52
We can define conditions in the test suite without coding. We can create conditions for test cases and smart folders.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:48:57
Three types of folders are available in the Ranorex repository structure.
* App folder - root folder of your project
* Rooted folder - contains a set of UI elements
* Simple folder - for using logical categories
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:48:34
Ranorex performs functional testing that enables us to run test cases with best practices. It has reliable object recognition which can run successful tests even when UI elements position or color changes.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:47:34
Here are some things that we can do to increase the performance of tests.
* Reduce the duration of the KeySequence
* Enable Turbo mode
* Reduce the delay before pressing
* Ensure that the 'Duration' property is set to a short duration
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:47:07
Click() continues the Ranorex script execution. Press() waits for the code of the event handler is completed.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:46:25
Ranorex can integrate with 2 source control or revision control tools - SVN (Subversion) and TFS (Team Foundation Server).
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:45:55
Ranorex supports integration with the following CI tools,
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:45:34
We can run different system dates/times within one Ranorex test suite as long as it does not impact your work.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:44:29
Yes, we can. We just have to create the endpoints for the platforms in which the tests should run. And start the same tests on these endpoints.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:40:04
Yes, we can run the same piece of code on both XP and Vista. Since the identification information is stored within the RanoreXPath, the test automation code runs smoothly.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:39:36
Yes, we can run automation tests without installing Ranorex. To do this, we have to enable the 'Copy runtime to output' option while building the project. So when this test is run on a machine that does not have Ranorex installed, it will use this copied runtime.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:39:05
In order to identify the tool for Automation testing in your project:
a) Understand your project requirements thoroughly and identify the testing scenarios that you want to automate.
b) Search for the list of tools that support your projectâ€™s requirements.
c) Identify your budget for the automation tool. Select the tools within your budget.
d) Identify if you already have skilled resources for the tools. If you donâ€™t have the necessary skilled resources then identify the cost for training the existing resources or hiring new resources.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:38:31
100% automation would be difficult to achieve because there would be many edge test cases and some cases that are executed seldom. Automating these cases which are not executed that often will not add value to the automated suite.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:37:22
Identifying the appropriate test cases for automation is the most important step towards automation.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:36:17
Ranorex has an in-built feature for handling popup windows and dialogs called PopupWatcher. It automatically handles unexpected popup windows.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:35:57
When recordings do not give us the exact test automation steps that we need, or when we want to add some additional test steps, we can add a customized code action item to a record.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:35:33
Yes, we can automate a web page without moving the mouse pointer. While working with adaptors like â€˜Linkâ€™, â€˜Inputâ€™, or â€˜Div Tagâ€™, we have to use 'PerformClick' instead of normal 'Click'.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:35:13
Yes, we can test Silverlight applications with Ranorex only when the application does not run in windowless mode. Make sure that the 'Windowless' property is set to false.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:34:59
Yes, we can use Ranorex libraries in Visual Studio. Create a new visual studio project with a console application. Add the Ranorex bin folder (of Ranorex installation) to the project and start writing your automation scripts.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:33:52
Yes, we can trigger Ranorex tests from an existing test or build environment. The result of the Ranorex test automation project generates an executable file. We can execute this file from other environments.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:33:37
Ranorex supports four types of data connectors for building data-driven test cases.
* Simple Data Connector - used for quickly setting up small data-driven tests
* SQL Connector - used for connecting SQL tables by using SQL queries
* CSV File Connector - used for connecting to CSV files
* Excel Connector - used for connecting to Excel files
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:33:17
Yes, Ranorex supports data-driven testing. We can create an automated test and connect it to a data source. The data source can be a simple internal table, a CSV file, a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet, or a SQL database connector.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:32:48
No, it is not required to use RanoreXPath for test automation. We can find the GUI elements using several different 'Find' methods.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:32:32
Here are some of the reasons why Ranorex is best for test automation.
Ranorex supports cross-device compatibility testing.
Both technical and non-technical people can contribute to testing projects.
Execute test cases during off-peak hours.
It can distribute testing across multiple physical or virtual servers.
It offers easy integrations to build pipelines.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:32:17
The applications and their UI elements required for test automation are identified using RanoreXPath.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:31:56
Microsoft Active Accessibility (MSAA) can be enabled through Ranorex Studio. Click on 'Settings' in the toolbar and then click on Plugins tab -> Solution Settings -> MSAA. You will have an option to set the value to either true or false. Go back to the 'Solution Settings' and click on 'WIN32'. We can enable accessibility (MSAA) actions and attributes.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:31:45
Below are the advantages of Ranorex.
We can run automated tests 24/7
Trigger smoke tests automatically
We can create the automation steps without code using record and playback actions
The GUI allows seamless interaction
It allows team collaboration
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:31:34
Here are some of the many features that Ranorex supports.
* We can perform cross-browser testing to ensure applications work on all the browsers.
* It can execute more tests in less time.
* It provides integration with continuous integration (CI) tools.
* It supports testing on Linux and macOS too.
* It supports image-based automation.
* It generates automatic reports for each test run.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:31:19
Ranorex is a testing automation tool that allows end-to-end testing of desktop, web, or mobile applications. It can perform tests locally and remotely too. It supports applications built with many technologies like Java, HTML, C#, Flex/Flash, Android, iOS, etc. Ranorex uses VB.NET and C# for building automation scripts.
Posted Date:- 2021-11-18 11:30:43